Germany Electricity Capacity and Generation Statistics 2002 – 2016

Most climate scientists tell us we need to greatly reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and fossil fuel use. Many traditional environmentalists tell us Germany is an example to follow to reduce CO2 emissions and fossil fuel use with their “Energiewende” or “energy transition” program. Its goal is to deploy renewable energy (which includes any or all of wind, solar, geothermal, hydro and biomass [which can be more CO2 emitting intensive than coal]), decommission nuclear power plants and reduce CO2 emissions and fossil fuel use (amongst other goals).

It is therefore worth examining how Germany has changed their electricity system. They have a great site that keeps details statistics since 2002, is interactive and is what was used for most of the graphics below.

We start with 2016 electricity generation stats, we can see that black and brown coal are the dominant source of electricity, followed by nuclear.

german-2016-electricity-generation-stacked

The data is also available in a pie chart, which shows generation in percentage and absolute terms.

germany-2016-prod-electricity

 

This can be compared to 2015, we can see that gas production showed great increase for 2016.

German electricity prod 2015.png

Now compare production above with installed nameplate capacity and we see significant difference (for example, in 2015 & 2016, nuclear [uranium in red] produced slightly more than wind, but compare their installed capacities).

German capacity.png

The following two charts show wind capacity and generation from 2002 to 2016, note that generation in 2016 was slightly less than 2015, despite the increase in capacity.

German wind capacity 2002 2016.png

German wind prod 2002 2016.png

The following two charts show solar capacity and generation from 2002 to 2016, note that generation in 2016 was slightly less than 2015, despite the slight increase in capacity.

german-solar-capacity-2002-2016

German solar prod 2002 2016.png

The goal of shutting down nuclear has been successful, as we can see from the following capacity and production charts for 2002 to 2016.

germany-nuclear-capacity-2002-2016

germany-nuclear-prod-2002-2016

Examining high CO2 emitting electricity sources, we can see that overall, capacity and production have grown since 2002.

german-hi-co2-capacity-2002-2016

German hi CO2 prod 2002 2016.png

We can see that after 15 years and approximately 200 billions euros spent, Germany has been successful at increasing renewable capacity and generation and decreasing nuclear capacity and generation. What has this done for CO2 emissions and fossil fuel use? I think we can conclude there has been negligible change in this regard, but in fact slight increases. Read “Inside the Energiewende: Policy and Complexity in the German Utility Industry” for a detailed explanation why some feel this policy may not be one to follow by other countries.

The International Energy Agency states in order to meet Paris CO2 emission targets, electricity generation must be no more than 100 grams emitted per kilowatt-hour on an annual basis. The following countries have been well below this target for years: Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and France (their electricity is generated mostly from hydro or nuclear or a combination of the two). Even Denmark, a population of about six million, struggles with this number, they are at about 250. (see page 135). The number for Germany is at about 480 (as can be seen below, this number has been on the rise since 2010).

germany-co2-emissions-kwh

Germany and Denmark are countries that traditional environmentalists claim are setting an example to follow to deploy renewable energy. Perhaps the time has come in which we now need to take a risk-based approach (and here) in reducing CO2 emissions.

Feel free to carry on the conversation on Twitter @tder2012

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6 thoughts on “Germany Electricity Capacity and Generation Statistics 2002 – 2016

  1. Pingback: How Much Longer? | The Actinide Age

  2. Excellent analysis. Let’s hope 2017 will be the year that citing Germany as the premier climate action leader ceases.

    Would you please provide the source of the “200 billion euros (approx)” figure? Also, if you’ve ever seen a break down of total euros spent per renewable energy technology (solar PV, onshore wind, offshore wind, biomass) please share it too?

    Like

  3. Very interesting, those bar graphs of German Wind capacity and actual energy, and the same for Solar. Especially for 2016 compared to 2015.
    I’ve copied those image files and will use them at the first opportunity.

    Like

  4. Pingback: International Energy Agency Electricity Production Statistics for OECD Countries 2014 – 2016 | Blogging about energy and transitioning to clean energy

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